DHCP

Tom Eastep

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”.

2009/06/05


Table of Contents

If you want to Run a DHCP Server on your firewall
If a Firewall Interface gets its IP Address via DHCP
If you wish to pass DHCP requests and responses through a bridge
Running dhcrelay on the firewall

Note

For most operations, DHCP software interfaces to the Linux IP stack at a level below Netfilter. Hence, Netfilter (and therefore Shorewall) cannot be used effectively to police DHCP. The “dhcp” interface option described in this article allows for Netfilter to stay out of DHCP's way for those operations that can be controlled by Netfilter and prevents unwanted logging of DHCP-related traffic by Shorewall-generated Netfilter logging rules.

If you want to Run a DHCP Server on your firewall

  • Specify the “dhcp” option on each interface to be served by your server in the /etc/shorewall/interfaces file. This will generate rules that will allow DHCP to and from your firewall system.

  • When starting “dhcpd”, you need to list those interfaces on the run line. On a RedHat system, this is done by modifying /etc/sysconfig/dhcpd.

  • If you set 'ping-check' true in your /etc/shorewall/dhcpd.conf file then you will want to accept 'ping' from your firewall to the zone(s) served by the firewall's DHCP server.

If a Firewall Interface gets its IP Address via DHCP

  • Specify the “dhcp” option for this interface in the /etc/shorewall/interfaces file. This will generate rules that will allow DHCP to and from your firewall system.

  • If you know that the dynamic address is always going to be in the same subnet, you can specify the subnet address in the interface's entry in the /etc/shorewall/interfaces file.

  • If you don't know the subnet address in advance, you should specify “detect” for the interface's subnet address in the /etc/shorewall/interfaces file and start Shorewall after the interface has started.

  • In the event that the subnet address might change while Shorewall is started, you need to arrange for a “shorewall refresh” command to be executed when a new dynamic IP address gets assigned to the interface. Check your DHCP client's documentation.

  • It is a good idea to accept 'ping' on any interface that gets its IP address via DHCP. That way, if the DHCP server is configured with 'ping-check' true, you won't be blocking its 'ping' requests.

If you wish to pass DHCP requests and responses through a bridge

  • Specify the “dhcp” option for the bridge interface in the /etc/shorewall/interfaces file. This will generate rules that will allow DHCP to and from your firewall system as well as through the bridge.

Running dhcrelay on the firewall

  • Specify the "dhcp" option (in /etc/shorewall/interfaces) on the interface facing the DHCP server and on the interfaces to be relayed.

  • If the server is configured with 'ping-check' true, then you must allow 'ping' from the server's zone to the zone(s) served by dhcrelay.